In 2014, organizations in Maine received $71.7 million in research funding from the National Institutes of Health, placing Maine in the bottom third of U.S. states in terms of NIH funding. Yet, this money has a surprising and significant impact on the state beyond the immediate medical research and jobs directly supported. This infusion of funds helps generate sales for Maine businesses, supports downstream jobs, contributes to Maine’s tax base and boosts an industry sector with an average starting salary nearly twice the statewide average.