This report is an update to UMR’s 2011 report on NIH’s economic impact on the United States titled, An Economic Engine, and written by noted economist Everett Ehrlich, Ph.D. The updated data examines the output and employment effects of 2011 NIH extramural research funding by state, ultimately calculating the number of jobs supported in each state by NIH funding.


  • In 2011, NIH investment supported 432,000 jobs and generated $62.13 billion in economic activity.
  • NIH funding generated the greatest number of jobs in California (63,196), Massachusetts (34,598), New York (33,193), Texas (25,878) and Maryland (24,557) and also supported more than 10,000 jobs in each of the following states: Pennsylvania, North Carolina, Washington, Illinois, Ohio, Florida, Michigan and Georgia.